What is a Forefoot Deformity Hallux Valgus?

Hallux valgus is a frequent deformity of the first metatarsal joint. It occurs particularly in women and is commonly known as “bunions”. It appears as a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. Bunions worsen as we get older and can eventually cause pain and deformity of the other toes as well.


A bunion can be caused by pressure from shoes, particularly when the toe box is constrictive, excess motion at the joint at the base of the first metatarsal, flat-footedness, or it can be genetic problem. Some people have a combination of these “risk factors” that lead to an angled positioning of the big toe toward the outside. Some rotational deformity of the big toe is common as a result of abnormal eccentric muscle pull.


  • Pain in big toe joint (sometimes this can be the last sign)
  • A deviation of big toe
  • Big toe is getting closer to the second toe
  • May notice a bump on inside of foot on the first toe
  • Redness, callus or swelling over the joint


Understanding the underlying causes and properly diagnosing your condition is the first step to treatment. We then provide a holistic approach to helping patients and their families through their surgical journey. Properly supporting you and/or your child, while educating you on the details helps us ensure the most successful outcomes possible. Our hands on, team approach makes patients feel supported throughout the whole treatment process.

To learn more about your condition and receive a diagnosis, schedule a virtual consultation with one of our experienced orthopedic doctors. During this consultation, all your questions will be answered as our specialists guide you through the evaluation process.

Conservative treatment

  • Anti-inflammatory medication
  • Orthotics
  • Toe seperators

Surgical treatment


Percutaneous bunion surgery

Case study

39 year old lady with Bialteral Hallux valgus (bunions)
60 year old lady with hallux valgus bunions


Are you experiencing an orthopedic condition and would like to improve your physical capabilities?

Or you simply would like to achieve your long-lasting dream of improving your height?

Let us help you achieve your optimal health and wellness in a professional setting.

Let’s open up a discussion to help you achieve your goals.

Highly specialized expert care at CLLC

At the Canadian Limb Lengthening Centre we offer complex deformity correction and limb lengthening surgeries performed by experienced surgeons with the most up to date technologies. When it comes to your care, and treatment of deformity and limb length discrepancy, our surgeons have extensive training and experience.