What it is Genu Valgum (knocked knee)

Knock knees is a condition in which the legs curve inward at the knees when in a straight position. Many young children have knock knees, which tend to be most obvious around the age of two to four. Though this can be a normal part of development, it normally resolved after age 7-8. When Genu Valgum presents in older children or adults, it may be a sign of other underlying conditions that need treatment.


Knock knees most often develops as a part of normal growth in children between ages 3-5 and will resolve with continued growth.

In some cases, especially if the child is 7 years of age or older, knock-knees may occur because of other medical problems such as injury of the shin bone, osteomyelitis (bone infection), underlying bone condition, being overweight, and rickets. There may also be a genetic component to developing knock knees.


  • Ankles and feet will remain wide apart when the child stands with their knees placed together
  • Knee pain or difficulty walking
  • Knee cap dislocation or subluxation
  • Concerns about the way your child stands or walks


Understanding the underlying causes and properly diagnosing your condition is the first step to treatment. We then provide a holistic approach to helping patients and their families through their surgical journey. Properly supporting you and/or your child, while educating you on the details helps us ensure the most successful outcomes possible. Our hands on, team approach makes patients feel supported throughout the whole treatment process.

To learn more about your condition and receive a diagnosis, schedule a virtual consultation with one of our experienced orthopedic doctors. During this consultation, all your questions will be answered as our specialists guide you through the evaluation process.

Conservative treatment

Physiotherapy, Anti-inflammatory medication, Braces can all be used as conservative methods of treatment. The following injections may also be used in adults:


Cortisone injections


Viscosupplement for joint


Injections for joints

Surgical treatment


Acute Deformity Correction


Epiphysiodesis and Hemiepiphysiodesis


Gradual Deformity Correction with External Fixation


Gradual Deformity Correction with Internal Fixation

Case studies

35 yr old woman with leg deformity (knocked knee)
11 year old girl with Genu valgum


Are you experiencing an orthopedic condition and would like to improve your physical capabilities?

Or you simply would like to achieve your long-lasting dream of improving your height?

Let us help you achieve your optimal health and wellness in a professional setting.

Let’s open up a discussion to help you achieve your goals.

Highly specialized expert care at CLLC

At the Canadian Limb Lengthening Centre we offer complex deformity correction and limb lengthening surgeries performed by experienced surgeons with the most up to date technologies. When it comes to your care, and treatment of deformity and limb length discrepancy, our surgeons have extensive training and experience.